Take our Survey

Reference: Rousar T, et al. (2010) Glutathione reductase is inhibited by acetaminophen-glutathione conjugate in vitro. Physiol Res 59(2):225-32

Reference Help

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to investigate a new mechanism likely contributing to the toxic action of acetaminophen especially to explore the possible inhibition of glutathione reductase through an acetaminophen-glutathione conjugate (APAP-SG). APAP-SG conjugate was synthesized by organic synthesis and purified by column chromatography. The inhibitory effect of the conjugate on two types of glutathione reductase (from yeasts and rat hepatocytes) was tested spectrophotometrically. We found that the enzyme activity was reduced similarly after treatment with 2.96 mM acetaminophen-glutathione conjugate in both yeast and hepatocyte glutathione reductases (GR); the enzyme activity was inhibited to 52.7 +/- 1.5 % (2.4 +/- 0.3 mU/ml) in yeast GR (control activity was 5.6 +/- 0.3 mU/ml) and to 48.1 +/- 8.8 % (2.2 +/- 0.2 mU/ml) in rat hepatocytes lysate GR (control activity was 5.2 +/- 0.2 mU/ml). In addition, the enzyme activity (from hepatocytes lysate) was decreased to 79+/-7 %, 67+/-2 % and 39+/-7 %, in 0.37, 1.48 and 3.7 mM concentration of the conjugate, respectively. We found that glutathione reductase, the essential enzyme of the antioxidant system, was dose-dependently inhibited by the product of acetaminophen metabolism - the conjugate of acetaminophen and glutathione.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Rousar T, Parik P, Kucera O, Bartos M, Cervinkova Z
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference