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Reference: Bourges I, et al. (2009) Multiple defects in the respiratory chain lead to the repression of genes encoding components of the respiratory chain and TCA cycle enzymes. J Mol Biol 387(5):1081-91

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Abstract


Respiratory complexes III, IV and V are formed by components of both nuclear and mitochondrial origin, and are embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Their assembly requires the auxiliary factor Oxa1 and the absence of this protein has severe consequences on these three major respiratory chain enzymes. We have studied, in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the effect of the loss of Oxa1 function and of other respiratory defects on the expression of nuclear genes encoding components of the respiratory complexes and TCA cycle enzymes. We observed that the concomitant decrease in the level of two respiratory enzymes, complexes III and IV, led to their repression. These genes are known targets of the transcriptional activator complex Hap2/3/4/5 that plays a central role in the re-programming of yeast metabolism when cells switch from a fermenting, glucose-repressed state, to a respiring de-repressed state. We found that the Hap4 protein, the regulatory subunit of the transcriptional complex was present at a lower level in the oxa1 mutants whereas no change in HAP4 transcript level was observed, suggesting a post-transcriptional modulation. In addition, an altered mitochondrial morphology was observed in mutants with decreased expression of Hap2/3/4/5 target genes. We suggest that the aberrant mitochondrial morphology, presumably caused by the severely decreased level of at least two respiratory enzymes, might be part of the signaling pathway linking the mitochondrial defect and Hap2/3/4/5.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Bourges I, Mucchielli MH, Herbert CJ, Guiard B, Dujardin G, Meunier B
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