Actin is dependent on the type-II chaperonin CCT (chaperonin containing TCP-1) to reach its native state. In vitro, yeast CCT folds yeast and also mammalian cytoplasmic (beta/gamma) actins but is now found to be incapable of folding mammalian skeletal muscle alpha-actin. Arrest of alpha-actin on yeast CCT at a folding cycle intermediate has been observed by electron microscopy. This discovery explains previous observations in vivo that yeast mutants expressing only the muscle actin gene are non-viable. Mutational analysis identified a single specific alpha-actin residue, Asn-297, that confers this species/isoform folding specificity. The implications of this incompatibility for chaperonin mechanism and actin-CCT co-evolution are discussed.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|