Differences in the substrate specificity of alpha-glucosidases should be due to the differences in the substrate binding and the catalytic domains of the enzymes. To elucidate such differences of enzymes hydrolyzing alpha-1,4- and alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages, two alpha-glucosidases, maltase and isomaltase, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were cloned and analyzed. The cloned yeast isomaltase and maltase consisted of 589 and 584 amino acid residues, respectively. There was 72.1% sequence identity with 165 amino acid alterations between the two alpha-glucosidases. These two alpha-glucosidase genes were subcloned into the pKP1500 expression vector and expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified alpha-glucosidases showed the same substrate specificities as those of their parent native glucosidases. Chimeric enzymes constructed from isomaltase by exchanging with maltase fragments were characterized by their substrate specificities. When the consensus region II, which is one of the four regions conserved in family 13 (alpha-amylase family), is replaced with the maltase type, the chimeric enzymes alter to hydrolyze maltose. Three amino acid residues in consensus region II were different in the two alpha-glucosidases. Thus, we modified Val216, Gly217, and Ser218 of isomaltase to the maltase-type amino acids by site-directed mutagenesis. The Val216 mutant was altered to hydrolyze both maltose and isomaltose but neither the Gly217 nor the Ser218 mutant changed their substrate specificity, indicating that Val216 is an important residue discriminating the alpha-1,4- and 1,6-glucosidic linkages of substrates.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|