Take our Survey

Reference: Yamamoto K, et al. (2004) Val216 decides the substrate specificity of alpha-glucosidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Eur J Biochem 271(16):3414-20

Reference Help

Abstract

Differences in the substrate specificity of alpha-glucosidases should be due to the differences in the substrate binding and the catalytic domains of the enzymes. To elucidate such differences of enzymes hydrolyzing alpha-1,4- and alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages, two alpha-glucosidases, maltase and isomaltase, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were cloned and analyzed. The cloned yeast isomaltase and maltase consisted of 589 and 584 amino acid residues, respectively. There was 72.1% sequence identity with 165 amino acid alterations between the two alpha-glucosidases. These two alpha-glucosidase genes were subcloned into the pKP1500 expression vector and expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified alpha-glucosidases showed the same substrate specificities as those of their parent native glucosidases. Chimeric enzymes constructed from isomaltase by exchanging with maltase fragments were characterized by their substrate specificities. When the consensus region II, which is one of the four regions conserved in family 13 (alpha-amylase family), is replaced with the maltase type, the chimeric enzymes alter to hydrolyze maltose. Three amino acid residues in consensus region II were different in the two alpha-glucosidases. Thus, we modified Val216, Gly217, and Ser218 of isomaltase to the maltase-type amino acids by site-directed mutagenesis. The Val216 mutant was altered to hydrolyze both maltose and isomaltose but neither the Gly217 nor the Ser218 mutant changed their substrate specificity, indicating that Val216 is an important residue discriminating the alpha-1,4- and 1,6-glucosidic linkages of substrates.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Yamamoto K, Nakayama A, Yamamoto Y, Tabata S
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference