The 26S proteasome degrades polyubiquitylated (polyUb) proteins by an ATP-dependent mechanism. Here we show that binding of model polyUb substrates to the 19S regulator of mammalian and yeast 26S proteasomes enhances the peptidase activities of the 20S proteasome about two-fold in a process requiring ATP hydrolysis. Monoubiquitylated proteins or tetraubiquitin alone exert no effect. However, 26S proteasomes from the yeast alpha3DeltaN open-gate mutant and the rpt2YA and rpt5YA mutants with impaired gating can still be activated (approximately 1.3-fold to 1.8-fold) by polyUb-protein binding. Thus, binding of polyUb substrates to the 19S regulator stabilizes gate opening of the 20S proteasome and induces conformational changes of the 20S proteasome that facilitate channeling of substrates and their access to active sites. In consequence, polyUb substrates will allosterically stimulate their own degradation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|