Take our Survey

Reference: Abe F and Hiraki T (2009) Mechanistic role of ergosterol in membrane rigidity and cycloheximide resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochim Biophys Acta 1788(3):743-52

Reference Help

Abstract


Mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae defective in the late steps of ergosterol biosynthesis are viable but accumulate structurally altered sterols within the plasma membrane. Despite the significance of pleiotropic abnormalities in the erg mutants, little is known about how sterol alterations mechanically affect the membrane structure and correlate with individual mutant phenotypes. Here we demonstrate that the membrane order and occurrence of voids are determinants of membrane rigidity and hypersensitivity to a drug. Among five ergDelta mutants, the erg2Delta mutant exhibited the most marked sensitivity to cycloheximide. Notably, measurement of time-resolved anisotropy indicated that the erg2Delta mutation decreased the membrane order parameter (S), and dramatically increased the rotational diffusion coefficient (D(w)) of 1-[4-(trimethylamino)pheny]-6-phenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (TMA-DPH) in the plasma membrane by 8-fold, providing evidence for the requirement of ergosterol for membrane integrity. The IC(50) of cycloheximide was closely correlated with S/D(w) in these strains, suggesting that the membrane disorder and increasing occurrence of voids within the plasma membrane synergistically enhance passive diffusion of cycloheximide across the membrane. Exogenous ergosterol partially restored the membrane properties in the upc2-1erg2Delta strain. In this study, we describe the ability of ergosterol to adjust the dynamic properties of the plasma membrane, and consider the relevance of drug permeability.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Abe F, Hiraki T
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference