Reference: Solmaz SR and Hunte C (2008) Structure of complex III with bound cytochrome c in reduced state and definition of a minimal core interface for electron transfer. J Biol Chem 283(25):17542-9

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Abstract


In cellular respiration, cytochrome c transfers electrons from cytochrome bc(1) complex (complex III) to cytochrome c oxidase by transiently binding to the membrane proteins. Here, we report the structure of isoform-1 cytochrome c bound to cytochrome bc(1) complex at 1.9 A resolution in reduced state. The dimer structure is asymmetric. Monovalent cytochrome c binding is correlated with conformational changes of the Rieske head domain and subunit QCR6p and with a higher number of interfacial water molecules bound to cytochrome c(1). Pronounced hydration and a "mobility mismatch" at the interface with disordered charged residues on the cytochrome c side are favorable for transient binding. Within the hydrophobic interface, a minimal core was identified by comparison with the novel structure of the complex with bound isoform-2 cytochrome c. Four core interactions encircle the heme cofactors surrounded by variable interactions. The core interface may be a feature to gain specificity for formation of the reactive complex.

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Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Solmaz SR, Hunte C
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