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Reference: Jin F, et al. (2008) Temporal control of the dephosphorylation of Cdk substrates by mitotic exit pathways in budding yeast. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(42):16177-82

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Abstract


The temporal phosphorylation of cell cycle-related proteins by cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) is critical for the correct order of cell cycle events. In budding yeast, CDC28 encodes the only Cdk and its association with various cyclins governs the temporal phosphorylation of Cdk substrates. S-phase Cdk substrates are phosphorylated earlier than mitotic Cdk substrates, which ensures the sequential order of DNA synthesis and mitosis. However, it remains unclear whether Cdk substrates are dephosphorylated in temporally distinct windows. Cdc14 is a conserved protein phosphatase responsible for the dephosphorylation of Cdk substrates. In budding yeast, FEAR (Cdc14 early anaphase release) and MEN (mitotic exit network) activate phosphatase Cdc14 by promoting its release from the nucleolus in early and late anaphase, respectively. Here, we show that the sequential Cdc14 release and the distinct degradation timing of different cyclins provides the molecular basis for the differential dephosphorylation windows of S-phase and mitotic cyclin substrates. Our data also indicate that FEAR-induced dephosphorylation of S-phase Cdk substrates facilitates anaphase progression, revealing an extra layer of mitotic regulation.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Jin F, Liu H, Liang F, Rizkallah R, Hurt MM, Wang Y
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