The ESCRT machinery mediates sorting of ubiquitinated transmembrane proteins to lysosomes via multivesicular bodies (MVBs) and also has roles in cytokinesis and viral budding. The ESCRT-III subunits are metastable monomers that transiently assemble on membranes. However, the nature of these assemblies is unknown. Among the core yeast ESCRT-III subunits, Snf7 and Vps24 spontaneously form ordered polymers in vitro. Single-particle EM reconstruction of helical Vps24 filaments shows both parallel and head-to-head subunit arrangements. Mutations of regions involved in intermolecular assembly in vitro result in cargo-sorting defects in vivo, suggesting that these homopolymers mimic interactions formed by ESCRT-III heteropolymers during MVB biogenesis. The C terminus of Vps24 is at the surface of the filaments and is not required for filament assembly. When this region is replaced by the MIT-interacting motif from the Vps2 subunit of ESCRT-III, the AAA-ATPase Vps4 can both bundle and disassemble the chimeric filaments in a nucleotide-dependent fashion.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|