Atg18p and Atg21p are two highly homologous yeast autophagy proteins. Atg18p functions in both autophagy and the selective Cvt-pathway, while the function of Atg21p is restricted to the Cvt-pathway. The yeast genome encodes with Ygr223cp (Hsv2p), a third member of this protein family. So far no function has been assigned to Ygr223cp. By colocalization with the endosomal marker Snf7-RFP and an RFP-tagged FYVE domain, we here identify the localization of a pool of Atg18p, Atg21p and Ygr223cp at endosomes. Endosomal recruitment of all three proteins depends on PtdIns3P generated by the Vps34-complex II containing Vps38p, but not on the function of the Vps34-complex I. Since only the Vps34-complex I is essential for autophagy, we expect that at endosomes Atg18p, Atg21p and Ygr223cp have a function distinct from autophagy. Some Vps Class D mutants involved in Golgi-to-endosome transport are required for the endosomal recruitment of GFP-Atg18p, -Atg21p and -Ygr223cp. These include the Qa-SNARE Pep12p, its SM protein Vps45p, the Rab GTPase ps21p and the Rab effector Vac1p. Deletion of ATG18, ATG21 and YGR223c, alone or simultaneously has no obvious function on the MVB-pathway and CPY-sorting. However, overexpression of ATG21 leads to CPY secretion. We further show, to our knowledge for the first time, that Ygr223cp affects an autophagic process, namely micronucleophagy.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|