The transcriptional and metabolic impact of deleting one or both copies of a respiration-related gene has been studied in glucose-limited chemostats. Integration of literature information on phenotype with our exometabolome and transcriptome data enabled the identification of novel relationships between gene copy number, transcriptional regulation and phenotype. We found that the effect of complete respiratory deficiency on transcription was limited to downregulation of genes involved in oxidoreductase activity and iron assimilation. Partial respiratory deficiency had no significant impact on gene transcription. Changes in the copy number of two transcription-factor genes, HAP4 and MIG1, had a major impact on genes involved in mitochondrial function. Regulation of respiratory chain components encoded in the nucleus and mitochondria appears to be divided between Hap4p and Oxa1p, respectively. Similarly, repression of respiration may be imposed by the action of Mig1p and Mba1p on nuclear and mitochondrial gene expression, respectively. However, it is not clear whether Oxa1p and Mba1p regulate mitochondrial gene expression via their interaction with mitochondrial ribosomes or by some indirect means. The phenotype of nuclear petite mutants may not simply be due to the absence of respiration; e.g. Oxa1p or Bcs1p may play a role in the regulation of ribosome assembly in the nucleolus. Integration between respiration and cell growth may also result from the action of a single transcription factor. Thus, Hap4p targets genes that are required for respiration and for fitness in nutrient-limited conditions. This suggests that Hap4p may enable cells to adapt to nutrient limitation as well as diauxy. Copyright (c) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|