Rtt109 is a protein acetyltransferase (PAT) that is responsible for the acetylation of lysine-56 of histone 3 (H3K56) in yeast. H3K56 acetylation has been implicated in the weakening of the interaction between the histone core and the surrounding DNA in the nucleosomal particle. Rtt109, in cooperation with various histone chaperones, promotes genomic stability and is required for resistance to DNA damaging agents. Here, we present the crystal structure of Rtt109 in complex with acetyl-CoA at a 2.0-A resolution. Rtt109 consists of a core PAT domain, which binds the acetyl-CoA cofactor. A second domain, the activation domain, is tightly associated with the PAT domain. Autoacetylation of lysine-290 within the activation domain is required for stabilizing the interaction between the two domains and is essential for catalysis. Biochemical analysis demonstrates the requirement of a loop within the PAT domain for the binding of the histone chaperone Vps75, and mutational analysis identifies key residues for catalysis. We propose a model in which the autoacetylation of Rtt109 is crucial for the regulation of its catalytic activity.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|