The wobble uridine in yeast cytosolic tRNA(Lys2)(UUU) and tRNA(Glu3)(UUC) undergoes a thio-modification at the second position (s(2) modification) and a methoxycarbonylmethyl modification at the fifth position (mcm(5) modification). We previously demonstrated that cytosolic and mitochondrial iron-sulfur (Fe/S) cluster assembly machineries termed CIA and ISC, including a cysteine desulfurase called Nfs1, were essential for the s(2) modification. However, the cytosolic component that directly participates in this process remains unclear. We found that ubiquitin-like protein Urm1 and ubiquitin activating enzyme E1-like protein Uba4, as well as Tuc1 and Tuc2, were strictly required for the s(2) modification. The carboxyl-terminal glycine residue of Urm1 was critical for the s(2) modification, indicating direct involvement of the unique ubiquitin-related system in this process. We also demonstrated that the s(2) and mcm(5) modifications in cy-tRNAs influence each other's efficiency. Taken together, our data indicate that the s(2) modification of cytosolic tRNAs is a more complex process that requires additional unanticipated components.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|