Reference: Jornvall H, et al. (2003) Multiplicity of eukaryotic ADH and other MDR forms. Chem Biol Interact 143-144:255-61

Reference Help

Abstract


Eukaryotic genomes code for at least eight medium-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (MDR) enzyme families of two types, with and without Zn(2+) at the active site. Four families have Zn(2+): 'Dimeric alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs)' (including liver ADHs), 'Tetrameric ADHs' (including the yeast ADHs), 'Cinnamyl ADHs' and 'Polyol DHs'. In the human genome, there are minimally 23 MDR genes, but the list is still growing from further interpretations. Of these, seven genes on chromosome 4 (and three pseudogenes) represent the ADH classes in the gene order IV, Igamma, Ibeta, Ialpha, V, II and III. The lineages leading to human ADH establish five levels of divergence, with nodes at the MDR/short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR), dimer/tetramer, class III/non-III, further class, and intraclass levels of divergence. These multiplicities allow conclusions on pathways of function for ADHs and suggest this activity to have two roles in addition to its function in metabolism, one of a basic defence nature, the other of regulatory value in higher eukaryotes.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Jornvall H, Nordling E, Persson B
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference