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Reference: Shamrock VJ and Lindsey GG (2008) A compensatory increase in trehalose synthesis in response to desiccation stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking the heat shock protein Hsp12p. Can J Microbiol 54(7):559-68

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Abstract


The effect of HSP12 deletion on the response of yeast to desiccation was investigated. The Deltahsp12 strain was found to be more desiccation tolerant than the wild-type strain. Furthermore, the increased intracellular trehalose levels in the Deltahsp12 strain suggested that this strain compensated for the lack of Hsp12p synthesis by increasing trehalose synthesis, which facilitated increased desiccation tolerance. Results obtained from flow cytometry using the membrane exclusion dye propidium iodide suggested that Hsp12p helped maintain plasma membrane integrity during desiccation. Analysis of the oxidative loads experienced by the wild-type and Deltahsp12 strains showed that during mid-exponential phase, the increased trehalose levels present in the Deltahsp12 cells resulted in increased protection of these cells against reactive oxygen species compared with wild-type cells. During stationary phase, lower levels of reactive oxygen species reduction by reduced glutathione was enhanced in the wild-type strain, which displayed lower intracellular trehalose concentrations. Comparison of the tolerance of the wild-type and Deltahsp12 strains with applied oxidative stress showed that the Deltahsp12 strain was more tolerant to exogenously applied H2O2, which we attributed to the higher intracellular trehalose concentration. Flow cytometry demonstrated that Hsp12p played a role in maintaining plasma membrane integrity during applied oxidative stress.

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Journal Article
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Shamrock VJ, Lindsey GG
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