Seeking to better understand how membrane trafficking is coordinated with phospholipid synthesis in yeast, we investigated lipid synthesis in several Sec- temperature sensitive mutants, including sec13-1. Upon shift of sec13 1 cells to the restrictive temperature of 37 degrees C, phospholipid synthesis decreased dramatically relative to the wild type control, while synthesis of neutral lipids, especially triacylglycerol (TAG)1, increased. When examined by fluorescence microscopy, the number of lipid droplets appeared to increase and formed aggregates in sec13-1 cells shifted to 37 masculineC. Electron microscopy confirmed the increase in lipid droplet number and revealed that many were associated with the vacuole. Analysis of lipid metabolism in strains lacking TAG synthase genes demonstrated that the activities of the products of these genes contribute to accumulation of TAG in sec13-1 cells after the shift to 37 degrees C. Furthermore, the permissive temperature for growth of the sec13-1 strain lacking TAG synthase genes was 3 degrees C lower than sec13-1 on several different growth media, indicating that the synthesis of TAG has physiological significance under conditions of secretory stress. Together these results suggest that following a block in membrane trafficking, yeast cells channel lipid metabolism from phospholipid synthesis into synthesis of TAG and other neutral lipids to form lipid droplets. We conclude that this metabolic switch provides a degree of protection to cells during secretory stress.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|