Bacteria employ a coordinated SOS response to DNA damage by enhancing transcription, translesion synthesis, and recombination; a similar phenomenon has not been reported in eukaryotes. Here, we demonstrate that the ubiquitination complex Rad6-Rad18 is required for the increased transcription of a large number of yeast genes in response to DNA damage. Rad6-Rad18 promotes DNA-damage-dependent transcriptional induction as well as checkpoint functions by catalyzing monoubiquitination at the K197 residue of the Rad17 subunit of the 9-1-1 complex. Rad17 ubiquitination invokes both DNA damage responsive pathways by promoting efficient Rad53 phosphorylation, possibly through the recruitment or maintenance of the 9-1-1 clamp at sites of lesions. Taken together, the Rad6-Rad18 complex is involved in the control of global gene regulation in a way reminiscent of the bacterial SOS response and plays key roles in coordinating several DNA damage response pathways through ubiquitination of two DNA clamps, PCNA and 9-1-1.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|