Energy transduction in the cytochrome bc(1) complex is achieved by catalyzing opposite oxido-reduction reactions at two different quinone binding sites. We have determined the pre-steady state kinetics of cytochrome b and c(1) reduction at varying quinol/quinone ratios in the isolated yeast bc(1) complex to investigate the mechanisms that minimize inhibition of quinol oxidation at center P by reduction of the b(H) heme through center N. The faster rate of initial cytochrome b reduction as well as its lower sensitivity to quinone concentrations with respect to cytochrome c(1) reduction indicated that the b(H) hemes equilibrated with the quinone pool through center N before significant catalysis at center P occurred. The extent of this initial cytochrome b reduction corresponded to a level of b(H) heme reduction of 33%-55% depending on the quinol/quinone ratio. The extent of initial cytochrome c(1) reduction remained constant as long as the fast electron equilibration through center N reduced no more than 50% of the b(H) hemes. Using kinetic modeling, the resilience of center P catalysis to inhibition caused by partial pre-reduction of the b(H) hemes was explained using kinetics in terms of the dimeric structure of the bc(1) complex which allows electrons to equilibrate between monomers.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|