Reference: Covian R and Trumpower BL (2008) The dimeric structure of the cytochrome bc(1) complex prevents center P inhibition by reverse reactions at center N. Biochim Biophys Acta 1777(7-8):1044-52

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Abstract


Energy transduction in the cytochrome bc(1) complex is achieved by catalyzing opposite oxido-reduction reactions at two different quinone binding sites. We have determined the pre-steady state kinetics of cytochrome b and c(1) reduction at varying quinol/quinone ratios in the isolated yeast bc(1) complex to investigate the mechanisms that minimize inhibition of quinol oxidation at center P by reduction of the b(H) heme through center N. The faster rate of initial cytochrome b reduction as well as its lower sensitivity to quinone concentrations with respect to cytochrome c(1) reduction indicated that the b(H) hemes equilibrated with the quinone pool through center N before significant catalysis at center P occurred. The extent of this initial cytochrome b reduction corresponded to a level of b(H) heme reduction of 33%-55% depending on the quinol/quinone ratio. The extent of initial cytochrome c(1) reduction remained constant as long as the fast electron equilibration through center N reduced no more than 50% of the b(H) hemes. Using kinetic modeling, the resilience of center P catalysis to inhibition caused by partial pre-reduction of the b(H) hemes was explained using kinetics in terms of the dimeric structure of the bc(1) complex which allows electrons to equilibrate between monomers.

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Journal Article
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Covian R, Trumpower BL
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