During transcription termination by RNA polymerase II on protein-coding genes, the nuclear 5' exonuclease Rat1/Xrn2 degrades the nascent transcript downstream from the polyadenylation site and "torpedoes" the polymerase. We report that the activity of Rat1 is also required for efficient termination by RNA polymerase I (Pol I) on the rDNA. In strains lacking catalytically active Rat1 or its cofactor Rai1, Pol I reads through the major, "Reb1-dependent" terminator (T1) but stops downstream at the "fail-safe" terminator (T2) and replication fork barrier (RFB). The absence of both Rat1 and the RFB-binding protein Fob1 increased Pol I read-through of T2 and the RFB. We propose that cotranscriptional cleavage of the pre-rRNA by the endonuclease Rnt1 generates a loading site for the Rat1/Rai1 complex, which then degrades the nascent transcript. When Rat1 catches Pol I, which is predicted to be paused at T1, transcription is terminated.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|