Endocytosis in yeast requires actin and clathrin. Live cell imaging has previously shown that massive actin polymerization occurs concomitant with a slow 200-nm inward movement of the endocytic coat (Kaksonen, M., Y. Sun, and D.G. Drubin. 2003. Cell. 115:475-487). However, the nature of the primary endocytic profile in yeast and how clathrin and actin cooperate to generate an endocytic vesicle is unknown. In this study, we analyze the distribution of nine different proteins involved in endocytic uptake along plasma membrane invaginations using immunoelectron microscopy. We find that the primary endocytic profiles are tubular invaginations of up to 50 nm in diameter and 180 nm in length, which accumulate the endocytic coat components at the tip. Interestingly, significant actin labeling is only observed on invaginations longer than 50 nm, suggesting that initial membrane bending occurs before initiation of the slow inward movement. We also find that in the longest profiles, actin and the myosin-I Myo5p form two distinct structures that might be implicated in vesicle fission.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|