Take our Survey

Reference: Rutledge RM, et al. (2008) Pdr5-mediated multidrug resistance requires the CPY-vacuolar sorting protein Vps3: are xenobiotic compounds routed from the vacuole to plasma membrane transporters for efflux? Mol Genet Genomics 279(6):573-83

Reference Help

Abstract


In Saccharomyces cerevisiae several members of the ATP-binding cassette transporter superfamily efflux a broad range of xenobiotic substrates from cells. The vacuole also plays a critical role in multidrug resistance. Mutations in genes such as VPS3 that are essential for vacuolar acidification and carboxypeptidase Y vacuolar protein-sorting are multidrug sensitive. A similar phenotype is also observed with deletions of VPS15, VPS34, and VPS38, which encode essential members of the carboxypeptidase Y vacuolar protein-sorting pathway. Prior to the work described herein, detoxification by transporters and the vacuole were presumed to function independently. We demonstrate that this is not the case. Significantly, Vps3 has an epistatic relationship with Pdr5, a major yeast multidrug transporter. Thus, a double pdr5, vps3 deletion mutant is no more multidrug sensitive than its isogenic single-mutant counterparts. Subcellular fractionation experiments and analysis of purified plasma membrane vesicles indicate, however, that a vps3 mutation does not affect the membrane-localization or ATPase activity of Pdr5 even though rhodamine 6G efflux is reduced significantly. This suggests that Vps3 and probably other members of the carboxypeptidase Y vacuolar protein-sorting pathway are required for relaying xenobiotic compounds to transporters in the membrane.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Rutledge RM, Ghislain M, Mullins JM, de Thozee CP, Golin J
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference