The proteasome is the central regulatory protease of eukaryotic cells. Heteroheptameric alpha-subunit and beta-subunit rings stack to form the 20S proteasome, which associates with a 19S regulatory particle (RP). Here we show that two yeast proteins, Pba3 and Pba4, form a previously unidentified 20S proteasome-assembly chaperone. Pba3-Pba4 interacts genetically and physically with specific proteasomal alpha subunits, and loss of Pba3-Pba4 causes both a reduction and a remodeling of cellular proteasomes. Notably, mutant cells accumulate proteasomes in which a second copy of the alpha4 subunit replaces alpha3. 20S proteasome-assembly defects also are associated with altered RP assembly; this unexpected result suggests that the 20S proteasome can function as an RP-assembly factor in vivo. Our data demonstrate that Pba3-Pba4 orchestrates formation of a specific type of proteasome, the first example of a trans-acting factor that controls assembly of alternative proteasomal complexes.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|