The nature of the connection between mitochondrial Fe-S cluster synthesis and the iron-sensitive transcription factor Aft1 in regulating the expression of the iron transport system in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is not known. Using a genetic screen we identified two novel cytosolic proteins, Fra1 and Fra2 that are part of a complex that interprets the signal derived from mitochondrial Fe-S synthesis. We found that mutations in FRA1 (YLL029W) and FRA2 (YGL220W) lead to an increase in transcription of the iron regulon. In cells incubated in high iron medium, deletion of either FRA gene results in the translocation of the low iron sensing transcription factor Aft1 into the nucleus where it occupies the FET3 promoter. Deletion of either FRA gene has the same effect on transcription as deletion of both genes and is not additive with activation of the iron regulon due to loss of mitochondrial Fe-S cluster synthesis. These observations suggest that the FRA proteins are in the same signal transduction pathway as Fe-S cluster synthesis. We show that Fra1 and Fra2 interact in the cytosol in an iron-independent fashion. The Fra1/Fra2 complex binds to Grx3 and Grx4, two cytosolic monothiol glutaredoxins, in an iron-independent fashion. These results show that the Fra-Grx complex is an intermediate between the production of mitochondrial Fe-S clusters and transcription of the iron regulon.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|