Chromatin modifying factors regulate both transcription and DNA replication. The yFACT chromatin reorganizing complex is involved in both processes, and the sensitivity of some yFACT mutants to the replication inhibitor hydroxyurea (HU) is one indication of a replication role. This HU sensitivity can be suppressed by disruptions of the SET2 or CHD1 genes, encoding a histone H3(K36) methyltransferase and a chromatin remodeling factor, respectively. The additive effect of set2 and chd1 mutations in suppressing the HU sensitivity of yFACT mutants suggests these two factors function in separate pathways. The HU suppression is not an indirect effect of altered regulation of ribonucleotide reductase induced by HU. set2 and chd1 mutations also suppress the HU sensitivity of mutations in other genes involved in DNA replication, including CDC2, CTF4, ORC2, and MEC1. Additionally, a chd1 mutation can suppress the lethality normally caused by disruption of either MEC1 or RAD53 DNA damage checkpoint genes, as well as the lethality seen when a mec1 sml1 mutant is exposed to low levels of HU. The pob3 defect in S phase progression is suppressed by set2 or chd1 mutations, suggesting that Set2 and Chd1 have specific roles in negatively regulating DNA replication.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|