Reference: Dilda PJ, et al. (2008) Insight into the selectivity of arsenic trioxide for acute promyelocytic leukemia cells by characterizing Saccharomyces cerevisiae deletion strains that are sensitive or resistant to the metalloid. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 40(5):1016-29

Reference Help

Abstract


The genome-wide set of Saccharomyces cerevisiae deletion strains provides the opportunity to analyze how other organisms may respond to toxic agents. Since arsenic trioxide selectively kills human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells by a poorly understood mechanism we screened the yeast deletion strains for sensitivity or resistance. In addition to confirming mutants previously identified as sensitive to sodium arsenite, a large number of additional genes, and cellular processes, were required for arsenic trioxide tolerance. Of the 4546 mutants, 7.6% were more sensitive to arsenic trioxide than the wild type, while 1.5% was more resistant. IC(50) values for all sensitive and resistant mutants were determined. Prominent as sensitive was that missing the MAP kinase, Hog1. The most resistant lacked the plasma-membrane glycerol and arsenite transporter, Fps1. Hog1 and Fps1 control the response to osmotic stress in yeast by regulating glycerol production and plasma membrane flux, respectively. We therefore tested whether APL cells have impaired osmoregulation. The APL cell line NB4 did not produce glycerol in response to osmotic stress and underwent apoptotic cell death. Moreover, the glycerol content of NB4 and differentiated NB4 cells correlated with the level of arsenic trioxide uptake and the sensitivity of the cells. Additionally, NB4 cells accumulated more arsenic trioxide than non-APL cells and were more sensitive. These findings demonstrate the usefulness of the S. cerevisiae deletion set and show that the selectivity of arsenic trioxide for APL cells relates, at least in part, to impaired osmoregulation and control of uptake of the drug.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Dilda PJ, Perrone GG, Philp A, Lock RB, Dawes IW, Hogg PJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference