Cells with overactive RAS/PKA signaling, such as RAS2(Val19 )cells, exhibit reduced proliferation rates and accelerated replicative senescence. We show here that the extended generation time of RAS2(Val19 )cells is the result of abrogated ATP/ADP carrier (AAC) activity of the mitochondria. Both PKA-dependent and independent routes are responsible for inhibiting ATP/ADP exchange in the RAS-overactive cells. The reduced carrier activity is due, at least in part, to elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which also cause a proteolysis-dependent fragmentation of the Aac2p carrier both in vivo and on isolated mitochondria. Attenuated carrier activity is suppressed by overproducing the superoxide dismutase, Sod1p, and this enhances both the proliferation rate and the replicative longevity of RAS2(Val19) cells. In contrast, overproducing functional Aac2p restored proliferation but not longevity of RAS2(Val19 )cells. Thus, Ras signaling affects proliferation rate and replicative lifespan by two different, ROS-dependent, routes. While the reduction in generation time is linked to the inactivation, specifically, of the mitochondrial nucleotide carrier, longevity is affected by other, and hitherto unknown, target(s) of ROS attack.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|