Tetraploid cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are generated spontaneously in a homothallic MATa/MATalpha diploid population at low frequency (approximately 10 per cell) through the homozygosity of mating-type alleles by mitotic recombination followed by homothallic switching of the mating-type alleles. To isolate tetraploid clones more effectively, a selection method was developed that used a dye plate containing 40 mg each of eosin Y and amaranth in synthetic nutrient agar per liter. It was possible to isolate tetraploid clones on the dye plate at a frequency of 1 to 3% among the colonies colored dark red in contrast to the light red of the original diploid colonies. Isogenic series of haploid to tetraploid clones with homozygous or heterozygous genomic configurations were easily constructed with the tetraploid strains. No significant differences in specific growth rate or fermentative rate were observed corresponding to differences in ploidy, although the haploid clones showed a higher frequency of spontaneous respiratory-deficient cells than did the others. However, a significant increment in the fermentative rate in glucose nutrient medium was observed in the hybrid strains constructed with two independent homozygous cell lines. These observations strongly suggest that the polyploid strains favored by the brewing and baking industries perform well not because of the physical increment of the cellular volume by polyploidy but because of the genetic complexity or heterosis by heterozygosity of the genome in the hybrid polyploid cells.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|