Take our Survey

Reference: Casey L, et al. (2008) Conversion of a Replication Origin to a Silencer through a Pathway Shared by a Forkhead Transcription Factor and an S Phase Cyclin. Mol Biol Cell 19(2):608-22

Reference Help

Abstract


Monitoring Editor: Orna Cohen-Fix Silencing of the mating-type locus HMR in S. cerevisiae requires DNA elements called silencers. To establish HMR silencing the Origin Recognition Complex binds the HMR-E silencer and recruits the Sir1 protein. Sir1 in turn helps establish silencing by stabilizing binding of the other Sir proteins, Sir2-4. However, silencing is semistable even in sir1Delta cells, indicating that SIR1-independent establishment mechanisms exist. Furthermore, the requirement for SIR1 in silencing a sensitized version of HMR can be bypassed by high-copy expression of FKH1 (FKH1(hc)), a conserved forkhead transcription factor, or by deletion of the S-phase cyclin CLB5 (clb5Delta). FKH1(hc) caused only a modest increase in Fkh1 levels but effectively reestablished Sir2-4 chromatin at HMR as determined by Sir3-directed chromatin immunoprecipitation. In addition, FKH1(hc) prolonged the cell cycle in a manner distinct from deletion of its close paralog FKH2, and created a cell cycle phenotype more reminiscent to that caused by a clb5Delta. Unexpectedly, and in contrast to SIR1, both FKH1(hc) and clb5Delta established silencing at HMR using the replication origins, ARS1 or ARSH4, as complete substitutes for HMR-E (HMRDeltaE::ARS). HMRDeltaE::ARS1 was a robust origin in CLB5 cells. However, initiation by HMRDeltaE::ARS1 was reduced by clb5Delta or FKH1(hc), while ARS1 at its native locus was unaffected. The CLB5-sensitivity of HMRDeltaE::ARS1 did not result from formation of Sir2-4 chromatin since sir2Delta did not rescue origin firing in clb5Delta cells. These and other data supported a model in which FKH1 and CLB5 modulated Sir2-4 chromatin and late-origin firing through opposing regulation of a common pathway.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Casey L, Patterson EE, Muller U, Fox CA
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference