Take our Survey

Reference: Miras R, et al. (2008) Interplay between glutathione, Atx1 and copper. 1. Copper(I) glutathionate induced dimerization of Atx1. J Biol Inorg Chem 13(2):195-205

Reference Help

Abstract


Copper is both an essential element as a catalytic cofactor and a toxic element because of its redox properties. Once in the cell, Cu(I) binds to glutathione (GSH) and various thiol-rich proteins that sequester and/or exchange copper with other intracellular components. Among them, the Cu(I) chaperone Atx1 is known to deliver Cu(I) to Ccc2, the Golgi Cu-ATPase, in yeast. However, the mechanism for Cu(I) incorporation into Atx1 has not yet been unraveled. We investigated here a possible role of GSH in Cu(I) binding to Atx1. Yeast Atx1 was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to study its ability to bind Cu(I). We found that with an excess of GSH [at least two GSH/Cu(I)], Atx1 formed a Cu(I)-bridged dimer of high affinity for Cu(I), containing two Cu(I) and two GSH, whereas no dimer was observed in the absence of GSH. The stability constants (log beta) of the Cu(I) complexes measured at pH 6 were 15-16 and 49-50 for CuAtx1 and Cu (2) (I) (GS(-))(2)(Atx1)(2), respectively. Hence, these results suggest that in vivo the high GSH concentration favors Atx1 dimerization and that Cu (2) (I) (GS(-))(2)(Atx1)(2) is the major conformation of Atx1 in the cytosol.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Miras R, Morin I, Jacquin O, Cuillel M, Guillain F, Mintz E
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference