Reference: Bausch C, et al. (2007) Transcription alters chromosomal locations of cohesin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol 27(24):8522-32

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Abstract


In eukaryotic cells, cohesion between sister chromatids allows chromosomes to biorient on the metaphase plate and holds them together until they separate into daughter cells during mitosis. Cohesion is mediated by the cohesin protein complex. Although the association of this complex with particular regions of the genome is highly reproducible, it is unclear what distinguishes a chromosomal region for cohesin association. Since one of the primary locations of cohesin is intergenic regions between converging transcription units, we explored the relationship between transcription and cohesin localization. ChIP chip experiments indicate that transcript elongation into cohesin association sites results in the local disassociation of cohesin. Once transcription is halted, cohesin can reassociate with its original sites, independent of DNA replication and the cohesin loading factor Scc2, although cohesin association with chromosomes in G2/M is not functional for cohesion. A computer program was developed to systematically identify differences between two ChIP chip datasets. Our results are consistent with a model for cohesin association in which 1) a portion of cohesin can be dynamically loaded and unloaded to accommodate transcription and 2) the cohesin complex has preferences for features of chromatin that are a reflection of the local transcriptional status. Taken together, our results suggest that cohesion may be degraded by transcription.

Reference Type
Journal Article
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Bausch C, Noone S, Henry JM, Gaudenz K, Sanderson B, Seidel C, Gerton JL
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