Advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) formation is an important mechanism for protein deterioration during diabetic complications and ageing. The effects on AGE formation following dihydroxyacetone (DHA) stress were studied in two model organisms, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Total protein AGEs, detected using an anti-N(epsilon)-carboxyalkyllysine-specific monoclonal antibody, displayed a strong correlation to DHA-induced yeast cell mortality in the wild-type and hypersensitive as well as resistant mutant strains. During DHA-induced cell death we also detected AGEs as the formation of acidic protein modifications by 2-D PAGE. Furthermore, we confirmed AGE targets immunologically on 2-D gel-separated protein extracted from DHA-treated cells. AGE modification of several metabolic enzymes (Eno2p, Adh1p, Met6 and Pgk1p) and actin (Act1p) displayed a strong correlation to DHA-induced cell death. DHA was toxic to C. elegans even at low concentration and also in this organism AGE formation accompanied death. We propose the use of DHA as a model AGE-generating substance for its apparent lack of a clear oxidative stress connection, and yeast and worm as model organisms to identify genetic determinants of protein AGE formation.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
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