Take our Survey

Reference: Berger AC, et al. (2007) The subcellular localization of the Niemann-Pick Type C proteins depends on the adaptor complex AP-3. J Cell Sci 120(Pt 20):3640-52

Reference Help

Abstract

Niemann-Pick Type C (NP-C) disease, caused by mutations in either human NPC1 (hNPC1) or human NPC2 (hNPC2), is characterized by the accumulation of unesterified cholesterol in late endosomes. Although it is known that the NP-C proteins are targeted to late endosomal/lysosomal compartments, their delivery mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. To identify mechanisms regulating NP-C protein localization, we used Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which expresses functional homologs of both NP-C proteins - scNcr1p and scNpc2p. Targeting of scNcr1p to the vacuole was perturbed in AP-3-deficient yeast cells, whereas the delivery of scNpc2p was affected by deficiencies in either AP-3 or GGA. We focused on the role of the AP-3 pathway in the targeting of the mammalian NP-C proteins. We found that, although mouse NPC1 (mNPC1) and hNPC2 co-localize with AP-3 to a similar extent in fibroblasts, hNPC2 preferentially co-localizes with AP-1. Importantly, the targeting of both mammalian NPC1 and NPC2 is dependent on AP-3. Moreover, and consistent with the NP-C proteins playing a role in cholesterol metabolism, AP-3-deficient cells have reduced levels of cholesterol. These results provide information about how the NP-C proteins are targeted to their sites of action and illustrate the possibility that defective sorting of the NP-C proteins along the endocytic route can alter cellular cholesterol.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Berger AC, Salazar G, Styers ML, Newell-Litwa KA, Werner E, Maue RA, Corbett AH, Faundez V
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference