The Saccharomyces cerevisiae phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylinositol transfer protein Sec14p is required for Golgi apparatus-derived vesicular transport through coordinate regulation of phospholipid metabolism. Sec14p is normally essential. The essential requirement for SEC14 can be bypassed by inactivation of (i) the CDP-choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine synthesis or (ii) KES1, which encodes an oxysterol binding protein. A unique screen was used to determine genome-wide genetic interactions for the essential gene SEC14 and to assess whether the two modes of "sec14 bypass" were similar or distinct. The results indicate that inactivation of the CDP-choline pathway allows cells with inactivated SEC14 to live through a mechanism distinct from that of inactivation of KES1. We go on to demonstrate an important biological function of Kes1p. Kes1p regulates Golgi apparatus-derived vesicular transport by inhibiting the function of Pik1p-generated Golgi apparatus phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI-4P). Kes1p affects both the availability and level of Golgi apparatus PI-4P. A set of potential PI-4P-responsive proteins that include the Rab GTPase Ypt31p and its GTP exchange factor are described.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|