NARP (neuropathy, ataxia and retinitis pigmentosa) and MILS (maternally inherited Leigh's syndrome) are mitochondrial disorders associated with point mutations of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the gene encoding the Atp6p subunit of the ATP synthase. The most common and studied of these mutations is T8993G converting the highly conserved leucine 156 into arginine. We have introduced this mutation at the corresponding position (183) of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrially encoded Atp6p. The "yeast NARP mutant" grew very slowly on respiratory substrates, possibly because mitochondrial ATP synthesis was only 10% of the wild type level. The mutated ATP synthase was found to be correctly assembled and present at nearly normal levels (80% of wild type). Contrary to what has been reported for human NARP cells, the reverse functioning of the ATP synthase, i.e. ATP hydrolysis in the F1 coupled to Fo-mediated proton translocation out of the mitochondrial matrix, was significantly compromised in the yeast NARP mutant. Interestingly, the oxygen consumption rate in the yeast NARP mutant was decreased by about 80% compared to the wild type, due to a selective lowering in cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV) content. This finding suggests a possible regulatory mechanism between ATP synthase activity and complex IV expression in yeast mitochondria. The availability of a yeast NARP model could ease the search for rescuing mechanisms against this mitochondrial disease.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|