Aconitase (Aco1p) is a multifunctional protein: It is an enzyme of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. In animal cells, Aco1p also is a cytosolic protein binding to mRNAs to regulate iron metabolism. In yeast, Aco1p was identified as a component of mtDNA nucleoids. Here we show that yeast Aco1p protects mtDNA from excessive accumulation of point mutations and ssDNA breaks and suppresses reductive recombination of mtDNA. Aconitase binds to both ds- and ssDNA, with a preference for GC-containing sequences. Therefore, mitochondria are opportunistic organelles that seize proteins, such as metabolic enzymes, for construction of the nucleoid, an mtDNA maintenance/segregation apparatus.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|