Vesicular traffic is essential for sporulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Golgi-associated retrograde protein (GARP) tethering complex is required for retrograde traffic from both the early and late endosomes to the Golgi. Analyses of GARP complex mutants in sporulation reveal defects in meiotic progression and spore formation. In contrast, inactivation of the retromer complex, which mediates vesicle budding and cargo selection from the late endosome, or Snx4p, which is involved in retrieval of proteins from the early endosome, has little effect on sporulation. A retromer GARP double mutant is defective in the formation of the prospore membrane (PSM) that surrounds the haploid nuclei. In the retromer GARP double mutant, PSM precursor vesicles carrying the cargo, Dtr1p, are transported to the spindle pole body (SPB), where PSM formation is initiated. However, the v-SNARE Snc1p is not transported to the SPB in the double mutant, suggesting that the defect in PSM formation is because of the failure to retrieve Snc1p, and perhaps other proteins, from the endosomal pathway. Taken together, these results indicate that retrograde trafficking from the endosome is essential for sporulation by retrieving molecules important for PSM and spore wall formation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|