Reference: Levin LR and Zoller MJ (1990) Association of catalytic and regulatory subunits of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase requires a negatively charged side group at a conserved threonine. Mol Cell Biol 10(3):1066-75

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Abstract


In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as in higher eucaryotes, cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase is a tetramer composed of two catalytic (C) subunits and two regulatory (R) subunits. In the absence of cAMP, the phosphotransferase activity of the C subunit is inhibited by the tight association with R. Mutation of Thr-241 to Ala in the C1 subunit of S. cerevisiae reduces the affinity of this subunit for the R subunit approximately 30-fold and results in a monomeric cAMP-independent C subunit. The analogous residue in the mammalian C subunit is known to be phosphorylated. Peptide maps of in vivo 32P-labeled wild-type C1 and mutant C1(Ala241) suggest that Thr-241 is phosphorylated in yeast cells. Substituting Thr-241 with either aspartate or glutamate partially restored affinity for the R subunit. Uncharged and positively charged residues substituted at this site resulted in C subunits that failed to associate with the R subunit. Replacement with the phosphorylatable residue serine resulted in a C subunit with wild-type affinity for the R subunit. Analysis of this protein revealed that it appears to be phosphorylated on Ser-241 in vivo. These data suggest that the interaction between R and C involves a negatively charged phosphothreonine at position 241 of yeast C1, which can be mimicked by either aspartate, glutamate, or phosphoserine.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Authors
Levin LR, Zoller MJ
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