Reference: Kawahata M, et al. (2007) Intraspecies Diversity of the Industrial Yeast Strains Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces pastorianus Based on Analysis of the Sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) Regions and the D1/D2 Region of 26S rDNA. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 71(7):1616-20

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Abstract

We divided industrial yeast strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae into three groups based on the sequences of their internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions. One group contained sake yeasts, shochu yeasts, and one bakery yeast, another group contained wine yeasts, and the third group contained beer and whisky yeasts, including seven bakery yeasts. The three groups were distinguished by polymorphisms at two positions, designated positions B and C, corresponding to nucleotide numbers 279 and 301 respectively in the S288C strain. The yeasts in the Japanese group had one thymine at position B and one thymine at position C. The wine yeasts had one thymine at position B and one cytosine at position C. And the beer and whisky yeasts had two thymines at position B and one cytosine at position C. Strains of S. pastorianus were divided into three groups based on the sequences of their 26S rDNA D1/D2 and ITS regions.

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Journal Article
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Kawahata M, Fujii T, Iefuji H
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