Transcription elongation causes a local change in DNA superhelicity. An excess of negative supercoiling may lead to opening of DNA strands that could allow formation of R-loops. In yeast, mutants of the THO complex are impaired in transcription elongation and this defect has been linked to co-transcriptional formation of R-loops, which could constitute roadblocks for RNA polymerases. In this study, we found that stably formed 300-nt long DNA-RNA hybrids in a negatively supercoiled transcription template reduced the efficiency of transcription elongation by half, providing a first experimental evidence that transcription elongation is impaired by R-loops in vitro.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|