Reference: Vazquez-Perez AR and Fernandez-Velasco DA (2007) Pressure and Denaturants in the Unfolding of Triosephosphate Isomerase: The Monomeric Intermediates of the Enzymes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Entamoeba histolytica. Biochemistry 46(29):8624-33

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Abstract


Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) is a dimeric enzyme formed by two identical (beta/alpha)8 barrels. In this work, we compare the unfolding and refolding of the TIMs from Entamoeba histolytica (EhTIM) and baker's yeast (yTIM). A monomeric intermediate was detected in the GdnHCl-induced unfolding of EhTIM. The thermodynamic, spectroscopic, catalytic, and hydrodynamic properties of this intermediate were found to be very similar to those previously described for a monomeric intermediate of yTIM observed in GdnHCl. Monomer unfolding was reversible for both TIMs; however, the dissociation step was reversible in yTIM and irreversible in EhTIM. Monomer unfolding induced by high pressure in the presence of GdnHCl was a reversible process. DeltaGUnf, DeltaVUnf, and P1/2 were obtained for the 0.7-1.2 M GdnHCl range. The linear extrapolation of these thermodynamic parameters to the absence of denaturant showed the same values for both intermediates. The DeltaVUnfH2O values calculated for EhTIM and yTIM monomeric intermediates are the same within experimental error (-57 +/- 10 and -76 +/- 14 mL/mol, respectively). These DeltaVUnf H2O values are smaller than those reported for the unfolding of monomeric proteins of similar size, suggesting that TIM intermediates are only partially hydrated. |DeltaVUnf| increased with denaturant concentration; this behavior is probably related to structural changes in the unfolded state induced by GdnHCl and pressure. From the thermodynamic parameters that were obtained, it is predicted that in the absence of denaturants, pressure would induce monomer unfolding (P1/2 approximately 140 MPa) prior to dimer dissociation (P1/2 approximately 580 MPa). Therefore, dimerization prevents the pressure unfolding of the monomer.

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Vazquez-Perez AR, Fernandez-Velasco DA
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