Reference: Walbott H, et al. (2007) The Carboxyl-terminal Extension of Yeast tRNA m5C Methyltransferase Enhances the Catalytic Efficiency of the Amino-terminal Domain. J Biol Chem 282(32):23663-71

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Abstract


The human tRNA m5C methyltransferase is a potential target for anticancer drugs since it is a novel downstream target of the proto-oncogene Myc, mediating Myc-induced cell proliferation. Sequence comparisons of RNA m5C methyltransferases indicate that the eukaryotic enzymes possess, in addition to a conserved catalytic domain, a large characteristic carboxy-terminal extension. To get insight into the function of this additional domain, the modular architecture of the yeast tRNA m5C methyltransferase orthologue, Trm4p, was studied. The yeast enzyme catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to carbon 5 of cytosine at different positions depending on the tRNAs. By limited proteolysis, Trm4p was shown to be composed of two domains that have been separately produced and purified. Here, we demonstrate that the amino-terminal domain, encompassing the active site, binds tRNA with similar affinity as the whole enzyme but shows low catalytic efficiency. The carboxy-terminal domain displays only weak affinity for tRNA. It is not required for m5C formation and does not appear to contribute to substrate specificity. However, it enhances considerably the catalytic efficiency of the amino-terminal domain.

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Journal Article
Authors
Walbott H, Auxilien S, Grosjean H, Golinelli-Pimpaneau B
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