One of the several still unexplained aspects of the mechanism by which the Cdc34/SCF RING-type ubiquitin ligases work is the marked stimulation of Cdc34 autoubiquitination, a phenomenon of unknown mechanism and significance. In in vitro experiments with single-lysine-containing Cdc34 mutant proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we found that the SCF-mediated stimulation of autoubiquitination is limited to specific N-terminal lysines modified via an intermolecular mechanism. In a striking contrast, SCF quenches autoubiquitination of C-terminal lysines catalyzed in an intramolecular manner. Unlike autoubiquitination of the C-terminal lysines, which has no functional consequence, autoubiquitination of the N-terminal lysines inhibits Cdc34. This autoinhibitory mechanism plays a nonessential role in the catalytic cycle, as the lysineless (K0)Cdc34(DeltaC) is indistinguishable from Cdc34(DeltaC) in ubiquitination of the prototype SCF(Cdc4) substrate Sic1 in vitro, and replacement of the CDC34 gene with either the (K0)cdc34(DeltaC) or the cdc34(DeltaC) allele in yeast has no cell cycle phenotype. We discuss the implications of these findings for the mechanism of Cdc34 function with SCF.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|