Nucleocytoplasmic transport occurs through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) embedded in the nuclear envelope. Here, we discovered an unexpected role for yeast dynein light chain (Dyn2) in the NPC. Dyn2 is a previously undescribed nucleoporin that functions as molecular glue to dimerize and stabilize the Nup82-Nsp1-Nup159 complex, a module of the cytoplasmic pore filaments. Biochemical analyses showed that Dyn2 binds to a linear motif (termed DID(Nup159)) inserted between the Phe-Gly repeat and coiled-coil domain of Nup159. Electron microscopy revealed that the reconstituted Dyn2-DID(Nup159) complex forms a rigid rod-like structure, in which five Dyn2 homodimers align like 'pearls on a string' between two extented DID(Nup159) strands. These findings imply that the rigid 20 nm long Dyn2-DID(Nup159) filament projects the Nup159 Phe-Gly repeats from the Nup82 module. Thus, it is possible that dynein light chain plays a role in organizing natively unfolded Phe-Gly repeats within the NPC scaffold to facilitate nucleocytoplasmic transport.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|