The juvenile form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (JNCLs), or Batten disease, results from mutations in the CLN3 gene, and it is characterized by the accumulation of lipopigments in the lysosomes of several cell types and by extensive neuronal death. We report that the yeast model for JNCL (btn1-Delta) that lacks BTN1, the homologue to human CLN3, has increased resistance to menadione-generated oxidative stress. Expression of human CLN3 complemented the btn1-Delta phenotype, and equivalent Btn1p/Cln3 mutations correlated with JNCL severity. We show that the previously reported decreased levels of L-arginine in btn1-Delta limit the synthesis of nitric oxide (.NO) in both physiological and oxidative stress conditions. This defect in .NO synthesis seems to suppress the signaling required for yeast menadione-induced apoptosis, thus explaining btn1-Delta phenotype of increased resistance. We propose that in JNCL, a limited capacity to synthesize .NO directly caused by the absence of Cln3 function may contribute to the pathology of the disease.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|