Reference: Nymark-McMahon MH, et al. (2002) Ty3 integrase is required for initiation of reverse transcription. J Virol 76(6):2804-16

Reference Help

Abstract


The integrase (IN) encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae retrovirus-like element Ty3 has features found in retrovirus IN proteins including the catalytic triad, an amino-terminal zinc-binding motif, and a nuclear localization sequence. Mutations in the amino- and carboxyl-terminal domains of Ty3 IN cause reduced accumulation of full-length cDNA in the viruslike particles. We show that the reduction in cDNA is accompanied by reduced amounts of early intermediates such as minus-strand, strong-stop DNA. Expression of a capsid (CA)-IN fusion protein (CA-IN) complemented catalytic site and nuclear localization mutants, but not DNA mutants. However, expression of a fusion of CA, reverse transcriptase (RT), and IN (CA-RT-IN) complemented transposition of catalytic site and nuclear localization signal mutants, increased the amount of cDNA in some of the mutants, and complemented transposition of several mutants to low frequencies. Expression of a CA-RT-IN protein with a Ty3 IN catalytic site mutation did not complement transposition of either a Ty3 catalytic site mutant or a nuclear localization mutant but did increase the amount of cDNA in several mutants and complement at least one of the cDNA mutants for transposition. These in vivo data support a model in which independent IN domains can contribute to reverse transcription and integration. We conclude that during reverse transcription, the Ty3 IN domain interacts closely with the polymerase domain and may even constitute a domain within a heterodimeric RT. These studies also suggest that during integration the IN catalytic site and at least portions of the IN carboxyl-terminal domain act in cis.

Reference Type
Authors
Nymark-McMahon MH, Beliakova-Bethell NS, Darlix JL, Le Grice SF, Sandmeyer SB
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference