The sliding clamp model of transcription processivity, based on extensive studies of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase, suggests that formation of a stable elongation complex requires two distinct nucleic acid components: an 8-9-nt transcript-template hybrid, and a DNA duplex immediately downstream from the hybrid. Here, we address the minimal composition of the processive elongation complex in the eukaryotes by developing a method for promoter-independent assembly of functional elongation complex of S. cerevisiae RNA polymerase II from synthetic DNA and RNA oligonucleotides. We show that only one of the nucleic acid components, the 8-nt RNA:DNA hybrid, is necessary for the formation of a stable elongation complex with RNA polymerase II. The double-strand DNA upstream and downstream of the hybrid does not affect stability of the elongation complex. This finding reveals a significant difference in processivity determinants of RNA polymerase II and E. coli RNA polymerase. In addition, using the imperfect RNA:DNA hybrid disturbed by the mismatches in the RNA, we show that nontemplate DNA strand may reduce the elongation complex stability via the reduction of the RNA:DNA hybrid length. The structure of a "minimal stable" elongation complex suggests a key role of the RNA:DNA hybrid in RNA polymerase II processivity.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|