Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides. Class I RNRs are composed of two homodimeric subunits: R1 and R2. R1 is directly involved in the reduction, and R2 contains the diferric-tyrosyl radical (Y*) cofactor essential for the initiation of reduction. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two RNRs; Y1 and Y3 correspond to R1, whereas Y2 and Y4 correspond to R2. Y4 is essential for diferric-Y* formation in Y2 from apoY2, Fe(2+), and O(2). The actual function of Y4 is controversial. Y2 and Y4 have been further characterized in an effort to understand their respective roles in nucleotide reduction. (His)(6)-Y2, Y4, and (His)(6)-Y4 are homodimers, isolated largely in apo form. Their CD spectra reveal that they are predominantly helical. The concentrations of Y2 and Y4 in vivo are 0.5-2.3 microM, as determined by Western analysis. Incubation of Y2 and Y4 under physiological conditions generates apo Y2Y4 heterodimer, which can form a diferric-Y small middle dot when incubated with Fe(2+) and O(2). Holo Y2Y4 heterodimer contains 0.6-0.8 Y* and has a specific activity of 0.8-1.3 micromol.min.mg. Titration of Y2 with Y4 in the presence of Fe(2+) and O(2) gives maximal activity with one equivalent of Y4 per Y2. Models for the function of Y4 based on these data and the accompanying structure will be discussed.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|