Resolution of the crystal structure of the mitochondrial cytochrome bc(1) complex has indicated that the extra-membranous extrinsic domain of the iron-sulfur protein containing the 2Fe2S cluster is connected by a tether to the transmembrane helix that anchors the iron-sulfur protein to the complex. To investigate the role of this tether in the cytochrome bc(1) complex, we have mutated the conserved amino acid residues Ala-86, Ala-90, Ala-92, Lys-93 and Glu-95 and constructed deletion mutants DeltaVLA(88-90) and DeltaAMA(90-92) and an insertion mutant I87AAA88 in the iron-sulfur protein of the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In cells grown at 30 degrees C, enzymatic activities of the bc(1) complex were reduced 22-56% in mutants A86L, A90I, A92C, A92R and E95R, and the deletion mutants, DeltaVLA(88-90) and DeltaAMA(90-92), while activity of the insertion mutant was reduced 90%. No loss of cytochromes b or c-c(1), detected spectrally, or the iron-sulfur protein, determined by quantitative immunoblotting, was observed in these mutants with the exception of the mutants of Ala-92 in which the loss of activity paralleled a loss in the amount of the iron-sulfur protein. EPR spectroscopy revealed no changes in the iron-sulfur cluster of mutants A86L, A90I, A92R or the deletion mutant DeltaVLA(88-90). Greater losses of both protein and activity were observed in all of the mutants of Ala-92 as well as in A90F grown at 37 degrees C. suggesting that these conserved alanine residues may be involved in maintaining the stability of the iron-sulfur protein and its assembly into the bc(1) complex. By contrast, no significant loss of iron-sulfur protein was observed in the mutants of Ala-86 in cells grown at either 30 degrees C or 37 degrees C despite the 50-70% loss of enzymatic activity suggesting that Ala-86 may play a critical role in catalysis in the bc(1) complex.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|