Reference: Obungu VH, et al. (2000) Mutations in the tether region of the iron-sulfur protein affect the activity and assembly of the cytochrome bc(1) complex of yeast mitochondria. Biochim Biophys Acta 1457(1-2):36-44

Reference Help

Abstract


Resolution of the crystal structure of the mitochondrial cytochrome bc(1) complex has indicated that the extra-membranous extrinsic domain of the iron-sulfur protein containing the 2Fe2S cluster is connected by a tether to the transmembrane helix that anchors the iron-sulfur protein to the complex. To investigate the role of this tether in the cytochrome bc(1) complex, we have mutated the conserved amino acid residues Ala-86, Ala-90, Ala-92, Lys-93 and Glu-95 and constructed deletion mutants DeltaVLA(88-90) and DeltaAMA(90-92) and an insertion mutant I87AAA88 in the iron-sulfur protein of the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In cells grown at 30 degrees C, enzymatic activities of the bc(1) complex were reduced 22-56% in mutants A86L, A90I, A92C, A92R and E95R, and the deletion mutants, DeltaVLA(88-90) and DeltaAMA(90-92), while activity of the insertion mutant was reduced 90%. No loss of cytochromes b or c-c(1), detected spectrally, or the iron-sulfur protein, determined by quantitative immunoblotting, was observed in these mutants with the exception of the mutants of Ala-92 in which the loss of activity paralleled a loss in the amount of the iron-sulfur protein. EPR spectroscopy revealed no changes in the iron-sulfur cluster of mutants A86L, A90I, A92R or the deletion mutant DeltaVLA(88-90). Greater losses of both protein and activity were observed in all of the mutants of Ala-92 as well as in A90F grown at 37 degrees C. suggesting that these conserved alanine residues may be involved in maintaining the stability of the iron-sulfur protein and its assembly into the bc(1) complex. By contrast, no significant loss of iron-sulfur protein was observed in the mutants of Ala-86 in cells grown at either 30 degrees C or 37 degrees C despite the 50-70% loss of enzymatic activity suggesting that Ala-86 may play a critical role in catalysis in the bc(1) complex.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Obungu VH, Wang Y, Amyot SM, Gocke CB, Beattie DS
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference