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Reference: Vidugiriene J, et al. (2001) Endoplasmic reticulum proteins involved in glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchor attachment: photocrosslinking studies in a cell-free system. Eur J Biochem 268(8):2290-300

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Abstract

Assembly of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPtdIns)-anchored proteins requires translocation of the nascent polypeptide chain across the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane and replacement of the C-terminal signal sequence with a GPtdIns moiety. The anchoring reaction is carried out by an ER enzyme, GPtdIns transamidase. Genetic studies with yeast indicate that the transamidase consists of a dynamic complex of at least two subunits, Gaa1p and Gpi8p. To study the GPtdIns-anchoring reaction, we used a small reporter protein that becomes GPtdIns-anchored when the corresponding mRNA is translated in the presence of microsomes, in conjunction with site-specific photocrosslinking to identify ER membrane components that are proximal to the reporter during its conversion to a GPtdIns-anchored protein. We generated variants of the reporter protein such that upon in vitro translation in the presence of Nepsilon-(5-azido-2-nitrobenzoyl)-lysyl-tRNA, photoreactive lysine residues would be incorporated in the protein specifically near the GPtdIns-attachment site. We analyzed photoadducts resulting from UV irradiation of the samples. We show that proproteins can be crosslinked to the transamidase subunit Gpi8p, as well as to ER proteins of molecular mass approximately 60 kDa, approximately 70 kDa, and approximately 120 kDa. The identification of a photoadduct between a proprotein and Gpi8p provides the first direct evidence of an interaction between a proprotein substrate and one of the genetically identified transamidase subunits. The approximately 70-kDa protein that we identified may correspond to the other subunit Gaa1p, while the other proteins possibly represent additional, hitherto unidentified subunits of the mammalian GPtdIns transamidase complex.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Vidugiriene J, Vainauskas S, Johnson AE, Menon AK
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