We show that Arf3p, a member of the ADP ribosylation family, is involved in the organization of actin cables and cortical patches in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Profilin-deficient cells (pfy1Delta) have severe growth defects and lack actin cables. Overexpression of ARF3 restores actin cables and corrects growth defects in these cells. Cells deficient for the cortical patch proteins Las17p and Vrp1p have growth defects and a random cortical patch distribution. Overexpression of ARF3 in las17Delta and in vrp1Delta cells partially corrects growth defects and restores the polarized distribution of cortical patches. The N-terminal glycine, a myristoylation site in Arf3p, is necessary for its suppressor activity. arf3Delta cells show a random budding pattern. Overexpression of BNI1, GEA2 or SYP1, three genes involved in actin cytoskeleton formation, restores the normal axial budding pattern of arf3Delta cells. BUD6 is a polarity gene and GEA2 is involved in retrograde transport and the organization of the actin cytoskeleton. We have identified genetic interactions between ARF3 and BUD6, and between ARF3 and GEA2. Both double mutant strains have actin cytoskeleton defects. Our results support a role for ARF3 in cell polarity and the organization of the actin cytoskeleton.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|